A quick review for serving the best
- Buy whole beans directly from a coffee roaster if possible.
- Look for valve-sealed bags, not vacuum-sealed.
- Store your coffee beans in a sealed container in a dark place.
- Grind your beans just before brewing.
The Coffee Maker
Coffee should be brewed for 4.5-5 minutes using a ratio of 55 grams of ground
coffee per liter of filtered water (195-205°F). It is convenient to use 2
tablespoons of coffee per 6 ounces of filtered water. Filtered
water and spring water are recommended. Tap water may impart off flavors
to the coffee. Distilled water is not recommended for brewing coffee as it lacks
the minerals to bring out the natural flavors of the coffee.
Automatic Drip Coffee Maker: The easiest way to brew coffee is by
using an automatic drip coffee brewer. Unfortunately, few coffee makers brew
at the right temperature for the correct amount of time.
To brew coffee in a drip coffee maker, place a thick paper filter in the brewing
cone (basket) and thoroughly wet with water. This helps remove the paper taste
from the filter. Then freshly grind the coffee using a medium grinder setting.
As the water begins to boil, pour the coffee into the coffee filter. Now as the
water pours over the coffee, shake the basket to ensure an even extraction. Brew
time and temperature are taken care of automatically. If your brewer has a hot
plate under a glass carafe, remove the carafe after the coffee is fully brewed
to prevent the coffee from burning.
Pre ground coffee is usually of a finer grind, so typical drip coffee maker
practices suffice. However, do not burn the coffee with the hot plate.
French Press Coffee Maker: The best way to control the time and temperature is to
use a French press coffee maker. The French press coffee maker offers unparalleled flavor due
to perfect extraction time and delivery of the volatile oils that are often
trapped in paper filters. A French press is also the least expensive coffee
brewer available. To make coffee in a French press: boil the correct amount of
water, freshly grind the coffee beans using a course setting, remove the
plunger, place the coffee grounds at the bottom of the glass, add the hot water,
stir by shaking, and after 4-5 minutes press the plunger down to separate the
grounds from the extracted coffee. Note: You do not want to pour
boiling water directly onto the coffee. The goal is to brew coffee at a
temperature between 195-205°F.
Vacuum Coffee Pot: The vacuum coffee pot is a clever device invented
by Robert Napier in 1840 that prepares an exceptional cup of coffee with a
potent aroma. This is an appropriate alternative for those who have an aversion
to the taste of the paper filters from drip brewers or for people who dislike
the sediment in the bottom of the cup from the French press method. To brew
coffee in a vacuum pot, add the proper amount of filtered water to the bottom
bulb, attach the filter to the upper bulb and fit the upper glass bulb tightly
over the bottom glass bulb. Place the vacuum coffee pot on the stove, making
sure that the bottom bulb is completely dry on the outside. Use a medium grind
and add the grounds when the water begins to fill the upper chamber. Leave the
pot on the stove for 3.5 minutes and then place on a hot pad. Within 30 seconds
the lower pot will cool enough to form a vacuum to pull the brewing coffee into
the lower chamber, thereby separating it from the grounds. Experiment with the
heating and cooling cycles until the total extraction time is between 4-5
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Coffee in the Mountains of Costa Rica©
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